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NIRMAL YESODA

September 10 is observed as World Suicide Prevention Day all across the globe. As the entire world is creating awareness regarding the vitality of staying alive, suicide rates in India have witnessed a dramatic rise in India over the past few years. According to experts, several factors are playing crucial roles in elevating the number of suicides in India, and some of the noted ones include unemployment, fragile relationship, mental illness, family problems, and insecurities in society.

 

According to the latest statistics, more than 1,00,000 people are committing suicide every year in India. Figures from the National Crime Records Bureau indicate that suicide rates in the country have drastically increased from 2015. In 2017, 1,29,887 suicide cases were reported in India, and in 2019, it increased to 1,39,123.

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Maharashtra leads the suicide chart in India 13.6 per cent followed by Tamil Nadu (9.7 per cent), West Bengal (9.1 per cent), Madhya Pradesh (9 per cent) and Karnataka (8.1 per cent)).

 

Crime Record Bureau’s data indicate that family problems accounted for 32.4 per cent of all suicide cases reported in India. This was followed by illness (17.1 per cent) alcohol and drug abuse (5.6 per cent) fragile marital relationship (5 per cent) love affairs (4.5 per cent) bankruptcy (4.2 per cent) and failure in examinations (2 percent).

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When it comes to categories, people who earn daily wages are more prone to committing suicides, and they accounted for 23.4 per cent of all suicides. The most vulnerable age group that committed suicide in the year 2019 are aged between 18 and 30 (35 per cent).

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With regard to mode adopted by suicide victims, the share of ‘fire/self immolation’ (from 4.4 per cent to 3.8 per cent) and ‘by poison’ (from 26.7 per cent to 25.8 per cent) has decreased while shares of ‘hanging’ (from 51.5 per cent to 53.6 per cent), ‘by drowning (from 4.9 per cent to 5.2 per cent), and ‘By Touching Electric Wire’ (from 0.4 per cent to 0.5 per cent) have increased during 2019 over 2018, NCRB figures revealed.